Mathias Bjare, Stefan Lattner, Gerhard Widmer,
"Exploring Sampling Techniques for Generating Melodies with a Transformer Language Model"
: Proceedings of the 24th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference (ISMIR 2023), 11-2023
Exploring Sampling Techniques for Generating Melodies with a Transformer Language Model
Sprache des Titels:
Proceedings of the 24th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference (ISMIR 2023)
Research in natural language processing has demonstrated that the quality of generations from trained autoregressive language models is significantly influenced by the used sampling strategy. In this study, we investigate the impact of different sampling techniques on musical qualities such as diversity and structure. To accomplish this, we train a high-capacity transformer model on a vast collection of highly-structured Irish folk melodies and analyze the musical qualities of the samples generated using distribution truncation sampling techniques. Specifically, we use nucleus sampling, the recently proposed "typical sampling", and conventional ancestral sampling. We evaluate the effect of these sampling strategies in two scenarios: optimal circumstances with a well-calibrated model and suboptimal circumstances where we systematically degrade the model's performance. We assess the generated samples using objective and subjective evaluations. We discover that probability truncation techniques may restrict diversity and structural patterns in optimal circumstances, but may also produce more musical samples in suboptimal circumstances.