M-line spectroscopy on mid-infrared Si photonic crystals for fluid sensing and chemical imaging
Sprache des Titels:
The presented work demonstrates the design and characterization of Si-based photonic crystal waveguides operating as an evanescent wave absorption sensor in the mid-IR range ? = 5-6 µm. The photonic crystal structure is fabricated in a Si slab upon a thin Si3N4/TEOS/Si3N4 membrane. M-line spectroscopy is used to verify the presence of guided waves. Different fillings of the photonic crystal holes have been realized to avoid sample residuals in the holes and, at the same time, to obtain spectral tuning of the structures by modification of the refractive index contrast with the photonic background. The chip displays sensitivity to fluid droplets in two-prism experiments. The output signal is quantitatively related to the fluid?s absorption coefficient thereby validating the experimental method.