Wolfgang Samhaber, Minh Tan Nguyen,
"Applicability and costs of nanofiltration in combination with photocatalysis for the treatment of dye house effluents"
, in Beilstein Institut, in Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology, Serie Nanomanipulation and environmental nanotechnology, Vol. 5, Seite(n) 476-484, 4-2014, ISSN: 2190-4286
Applicability and costs of nanofiltration in combination with photocatalysis for the treatment of dye house effluents
Sprache des Titels:
Nanofiltration (NF) is a capable method for the separation of dyes, which can support and even improve the applicability of photocatalysis in effluent-treatment processes. The membrane process usually will need a special pre-treatment to avoid precipitation and fouling on the membrane surface. Conceptually NF can be applied in the pre-treatment prior to the catalytic reactor or in connection with the reactor to separate the liquid phase from the reaction system and to recycle finely suspended catalysts and/or organic compounds. When concerning such reaction systems on a bigger scale, cost figures will prove the usefulness of those concepts. Different applications of photocatalysis on the lab-scale have been published in recent years. Membrane technology is used almost in all those processes and an overview will be given of those recently published systems that have been reported to be potentially useful for a further scale-up. NF membranes are mostly used for the more sophisticated separation step of these processes and the additional costs of the NF treatment, without any associated equipments, will be described and illustrated. The total specific costs of industrial NF treatment processes in usefully adjusted and designed plants range from 1 to 6 US$/m3 treated effluent. Combination concepts will have a good precondition for further development and upscaling, if the NF costs discussed here in detail will be, together with the costs of photocatalysis, economically acceptable.