Modeling of large-area sensors with resistive electrodes for passive stimulus-localization
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Functional materials such as piezoelectric and pyroelectric polymers or organic photodiodes are promising candidates for flexible sensor surfaces; combining thin films of these materials with large-area resistive electrodes leads to position-sensitivity for passive touch- or light-point localization, respectively. However, this type of large-area sensors for passive stimulus-localization lacks a general theoretical description, which is necessary to understand the physics underlying the sensor concept. To this end we present a one-dimensional, theoretical model for these sensors; the model is based on the solutions of the telegrapher's equations under the appropriate boundary conditions. We specify the applied boundary conditions, list approximate solutions for certain parameter ranges and present two model-based normalization procedures. These normalization procedures allow for stimulus localization independently of its magnitude and significantly increase the quality of the measurement signals. Experimental results agree well with theoretical findings, proving the suitability of the presented theoretical models.