A neo-pragmatist view on organizational knowledge, expertise and skill development
Sprache des Vortragstitels:
Second Colloquium on Philosophy and Organization Studies (PHILOS)
Sprache des Tagungstitel:
Based on a (neo-) pragmatic view on knowledge we introduce a conceptual model for explaining both shortcomings of existing conceptions of expertise and associated skill development and to show venues for overcoming such limitations. This model is rooted in the neo-pragmatist view on fallibilism, which acknowledges both the need for expertise and its limitations. In particular, experts? practice is explained as the mapping of problem and solutions states (reality) to problem statements and solution statements (representation) instead of an ability to ?mirror? reality. To achieve this mapping four components of background knowledge are required: rules? knowledge, domain specific expertise, explanatory meta-knowledge and folk knowledge. While traditional views on expertise emphasize rules? knowledge, we propose that the ability to deal with unexpected situations requires development of all four knowledge components, to establish links between these components, thereby to expand the domain of expertise and to deepen the foundation of understanding and for the interpretation of rules and situations.