17th International Conference on Managed Programming Languages and Runtimes
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Developing software systems is inherently subject to errors that can later cause failures in production. While testing can help to identify critical issues, it is limited to concrete inputs and states. Exhaustive testing is infeasible in practice; hence we can never prove the absence of faults. Symbolic execution, i.e., the process of symbolically reasoning about the program state during execution, can inspect the behavior of a system under all possible concrete inputs at run time. It automatically generates logical constraints that match the program semantics and uses theorem provers to verify the existence of error states within the application. This paper presents a novel symbolic execution engine called SymJEx, implemented on top of the multi-language Java Virtual Machine GraalVM. SymJEx uses the Graal compiler's intermediate representation to derive and evaluate path conditions, allowing GraalVM users to leverage the engine to improve software quality. In this work, we show how SymJEx finds non-trivial faults in existing software systems and compare our approach with established symbolic execution engines.