Bycatch of protected species: The case of sea lions from Chile and Patagonia
Sprache des Vortragstitels:
Oxford Summer School on the Ethics of Fur
Sprache des Tagungstitel:
The South American sea lion (SASL, Otaria flavescens) is a specie with extensive distribution in South America . This specie has been considerate as having a generalist and opportunistic feeding habits. In Chile, most of the fish species that form part of the SASL diet have a commercial importance. This situation generates conflicts with both artisanal and industrial fisheries. This happens because SASL has learned.to take advantage of the situations where the preys are concentrated and are vulnerable in the fishing art.
Within project FONDECYT Regular N 1151441 we have received an interesting statistical results supporting protection of SASL in Chile.
The SASL in Chile is the only marine mammal species that is considered a fishery resource, and thus is under an administrative regulation by the Fishing and Agriculture General Act. At present a 5-year closure (ban on hunting) is in effect for sea lions (Subsecretaría de Pesca, Decree no.31 of 2016, which could only be opened if there is a necessity to reduce predation effects over endangered prey species. But our statistical results shows that SASL is not endangering fishes here, in Chile, at all.
All can be solved by proper ethical approach. We will discuss on these important issues during the talk. We acknowledge support of FONDECYT Regular N 1151441 and LIT-2016-1-SEE-023.
Sprache der Kurzfassung:
Hauptvortrag / Eingeladener Vortrag auf einer Tagung