Assessing the Phase Structure of Molten Polymer Blends using a Generalized Gramespacher-Meissner Model
Sprache des Vortragstitels:
9th Annual European Rheology Conference (AERC2014)
Sprache des Tagungstitel:
Oscillatory shear rheometry is a convenient method to detect phase separation in polymer melts, as the deformation
of enclosed particles will cause additonal long-time relaxation processes which add to the dynamic moduli at low
When using rheometry to investigate the phase structure of a molten polymer blend, it makes sense to avoid crystallization
during sample preparation, as it induces phase separation and might therefore affect the measurement.
Thus we use an experimental set-up where the compounded molten blend is transferred directly into the measuring
cell of a rheometer.
If phase separation in the melt occurs, the relaxation time spectrum obtained from the measured dynamic moduli
will differ significantly from the combined spectra of the pure components. By using the model of Gramespacher
and Meissner , one can gather information about the phase structure from this discrepancy. However, the original
G/M model is only valid for (near) uniform particle sizes. We therefore attempt to generalize it in order to make it
applicable to broader particle size distributions. We use this model to predict the dynamic mechanical behaviour of
blends with known morphologies, and, conversely, to assess the morphology from measured dynamic moduli.
Reference:  H. Gramespacher and J. Meissner (1992): J. Rheol. 36(6), 1127-1141