Neoliberalism, political entrepreneurs and think tank networks in Latin America
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Latin America had been a privileged territory for neoliberal transformation. At first, military dictatorships dismantled the import substitution model and people?s ability to defend their interests. In the 1980s and 1990s, virtually all countries adopted the key elements of the so-called Washington Consensus, ranging from the privatization of industrial resources and state functions to deregulation and highly restrictive fiscal policies. The restructuring of the economy was yoked to equally wide-ranging social changes aimed at a reconfiguration of the relations between capital, the state, and labour.
This symposium seeks to provide a more comprehensive understanding of how neoliberal transformation has been applied and why its principles are still effective. Empirically, the contributors focus on policy forces which are crucial in (re)producing, circulating and facilitating neoliberalism. They examine the networking and power strategies of ideational entrepreneurs like economists and think tanks, interest groups, and the entrepreneurial elite in various situated contexts.