Spatial distribution of void fraction in the liquid slug in vertical Gas-Liquid slug flow
Sprache des Titels:
Vertical slug flow is characterized by the intermittent passage of two structures, the Taylor bubble and the liquid slug. The Taylor bubble is an elongated gas bubble with a bullet shape that flows upward and fills most of the radial cross-section, leaving room for an annular downward flow of a liquid film. The liquid slug is composed of the liquid phase carrying small, scattered bubbles and flowing upwards. The liquid slug presents three main regions: the wake, the development and the fully developed one. The liquid slug has a high concentration of dispersed bubbles in the wake region because of the entrainment mechanism. The detachment point (Dt) is a stagnation point with almost no dispersed bubbles around it, occurring close to the wall in the wake region end. Experimental data for the gas fraction in three different pipe diameters (26, 40.8 and 50 mm) were gathered in the 14-meter-high vertical flow experimental facility of the NUEM/UTFPR MULTILAB. The gas fraction along the liquid slug was evaluated by using a capacitive wire-mesh sensor (WMS) for quantitative results and a high-speed camera was used to analyze qualitative results. A new correlation to predict the average volumetric gas fraction along the unit cell is proposed. Radial and axial gas fraction distribution were analyzed and the detachment point was identified. The Reynolds and Froude number influence on the Dt point was evaluated and a new correlation to predict the Dt location (LDt) is proposed.