Predicting the Channel Access of Bluetooth Low Energy
Sprache des Titels:
Proc. 2023 International Conference on Communications (ICC)
Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is one of the key enablers for low-power and low-cost applications in consumer electronics and the Internet of Things. The latest features such as audio and direction finding will introduce more and more devices that rely on BLE for communication. However, like many other wireless standards, BLE relies on the unlicensed 2.4 GHz frequency band where the spectrum is already very crowded and a channel access without collisions with other devices is difficult to guarantee. For applications with high reliability requirements, it will be beneficial to actively consider channel access from other devices or standards. In this work, we present an approach to estimate the connection parameters of multiple BLE connections outside our control and knowledge by passively listening to the channel. With this, we are able to predict future channel
access of these BLE connections which can be used by other wireless networks to avoid collisions. We show the applicability of our algorithm with measurements from which we can identify unknown BLE connections, reconstruct their specific connection parameters, and predict their future channel access.