"Model Checking Concurrent Systems Under Fairness Constraints in RISCAL"
, Serie RISC Report Series, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria, Nummer 23-07, RISC, JKU, Hagenberg, Linz, 5-2023, ISSN: 2791-4267
Model Checking Concurrent Systems Under Fairness Constraints in RISCAL
Sprache des Titels:
Model checking is a method for verifying that a program satisfies certain desirable properties formalised using mathematical logic. It is a rigorous method, similar to theorem proving, but it is generally applied when theorem proving would be too difficult due to the complexity of the algorithm, such as in concurrent systems. Model checking is used in the software industry. RISCAL (RISC Algorithm Language) is a language and software system that can be used to describe algorithms over a finite domain, specify their behaviour and then validate the specification. While it mainly focuses on deterministic algorithms, it has limited support for non-deterministic systems as well. The thesis extends the support for non-deterministic systems in RISCAL by allowing the user to specify complex properties about their behaviour in the language of Linear Temporal Logic (LTL) and then to validate them. The core contribution is a model checker implemented in Java using the so-called automaton-based explicit state model checking approach. The software is capable of verifying certain properties that could not be handled by a well-known model checker used in the industry. While in most cases it has underperformed its competitors, our implementation is promising, especially when it comes to properties with certain side conditions, called fairness constraints. The majority of the thesis is be concerned with the theoretical aspects of the automaton-based model checking approach, which is followed by a description of the implementation and various benchmarks.
Sprache der Kurzfassung:
RISC Report Series, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria