Tobias Marauli, Hubert Gattringer, Andreas Müller,
"Time-Optimal Path Following for Non-Redundant Serial Manipulators using an Adaptive Path-Discretization"
, in Robotica, Vol. 41, Nummer 6, 3-2023, ISSN: 0263-5747

Original Titel:

Time-Optimal Path Following for Non-Redundant Serial Manipulators using an Adaptive Path-Discretization

Sprache des Titels:

Englisch

Original Kurzfassung:

The time-optimal path-following (OPF) problem is to find a time evolution along a prescribed path in task space with shortest time duration. Numerical solution algorithms rely on an algorithm-specific (usually equidistant) sampling of the path parameter. This does not account for the dynamics in joint space, i.e. the actual motion of the robot, however. Moreover, a well-known problem is that large joint velocities are obtained when approaching singularities, even for slow task space motions. This can be avoided by a sampling in joint space, where the path parameter is replaced by the arc length. Such discretization in task space leads to an adaptive refinement according to the non-linear forward kinematics, and guarantees bounded joint velocities.
The adaptive refinement is also beneficial for the numerical solution of the problem. It is shown that this yields trajectories with improved continuity compared to an equidistant sampling. The OPF is reformulated as a second order cone programming (SOCP) and solved numerically. The approach is demonstrated for a 6-DOF industrial robot following various paths in task space.

Sprache der Kurzfassung:

Englisch

Englische Kurzfassung:

The time-optimal path-following (OPF) problem is to find a time evolution along a prescribed path in task space with shortest time duration. Numerical solution algorithms rely on an algorithm-specific (usually equidistant) sampling of the path parameter. This does not account for the dynamics in joint space, i.e. the actual motion of the robot, however. Moreover, a well-known problem is that large joint velocities are obtained when approaching singularities, even for slow task space motions. This can be avoided by a sampling in joint space, where the path parameter is replaced by the arc length. Such discretization in task space leads to an adaptive refinement according to the non-linear forward kinematics, and guarantees bounded joint velocities.
The adaptive refinement is also beneficial for the numerical solution of the problem. It is shown that this yields trajectories with improved continuity compared to an equidistant sampling. The OPF is reformulated as a second order cone programming (SOCP) and solved numerically. The approach is demonstrated for a 6-DOF industrial robot following various paths in task space.