Microstructurally Based Modeling of Creep Deformation and Damage in Martensitic Steels
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This chapter deals with modeling the microstructural evolution, creep deformation, and pore formation in creep-resistant martensitic 9?12% Cr steels. Apart from the stress and temperature exposure of the material, the input parameters for the models are as-received microstructure and one single-creep experiment of moderate duration. The models provide predictive results on deformation rates and microstructure degradation over a wide stress range. Due to their link to the underlying fundamental physical processes such as classical nucleation theory, Gibbs energy dissipation, climb, and glide of dislocations, etc., the models are applicable to any martensitic steel with similar microstructure to the presented case study. Note that we section the chapter into part 1: creep deformation and part 2: pore formation.