Fermi surface chirality induced in a TaSe2 monosheet formed by a Ta/Bi2Se3 interface reaction
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Spin-momentum locking in topological insulators and materials with Rashba-type interactions is an extremely attractive feature for novel spintronic devices and is therefore under intense investigation. Significant efforts are underway to identify new material systems with spin-momentum locking, but also to create heterostructures with new spintronic functionalities. In the present study we address both subjects and investigate a van der Waals-type heterostructure consisting of the topological insulator Bi2Se3 and a single Se-Ta-Se triple-layer (TL) of H-type TaSe2 grown by a method which exploits an interface reaction between the adsorbed metal and selenium. We then show, using surface x-ray diffraction, that the symmetry of the TaSe2-like TL is reduced from D-3h to C-3v resulting from a vertical atomic shift of the tantalum atom. Spin- and momentum-resolved photoemission indicates that, owing to the symmetry lowering, the states at the Fermi surface acquire an in-plane spin component forming a surface contour with a helical Rashba-like spin texture, which is coupled to the Dirac cone of the substrate. Our approach provides a route to realize chiral two-dimensional electron systems via interface engineering in van der Waals epitaxy that do not exist in the corresponding bulk materials.
Current limitations of spintronics devices based on bulk topological materials stimulate the search for new materials and structures with interesting spin properties. Here the authors report a chiral spin texture around the Fermi level related to structural symmetry breaking in a TaSe2 layer grown on a Bi2Se3 surface.