EFNN-NullUni: An evolving fuzzy neural network based on null-uninorm
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Interpretability in intelligent models becomes a challenge in academic research and approaches that facilitate understanding the responses obtained in models based on artificial intelligence and machine learning. This paper presents a new logical fuzzy neuron based on the concept of null-uninorm, thus called null-unineuron to compose the architecture of an evolving neuro-fuzzy model. This new structural neuron can extract advanced fuzzy rules allowing AND and OR-connections of antecedents to better interpret and understand the analyzed problem. This three-layer model uses an evolving weighted fuzzification approach based on incremental data partitioning concepts for knowledge extraction through null-unineurons whose training procedure suits the classification of binary and multiclass patterns in an online and incremental way. The weights integrated in the evolving data partitioning algorithm belong to feature importance levels and achieve an automatic shrinkage of distance calculations along unimportant input directions (features), which in turn accounts for a soft dimension reduction and the likelihood to decrease over-fitting. The new architecture proposed in this model was, subject to pattern classification tests, being more efficient compared to related (evolving) neuro-fuzzy models in the literature. Finally, experiments on various real-world data sets proved that the evolving neuro-fuzzy model proposed in this paper can act in a simplified way in the extraction of knowledge from data while providing answers with a high degree of accuracy for pattern classification problems.