The effect of migration on unionization in Austria
Sprache des Titels:
We analyze how native employees? union membership rates change in response to
foreign employees using Austrian administrative data for the period 2002 to 2012.
Using an instrumental variables approach, our results indicate a negative effect of
immigrant employees on native employees? unionization rates at the firm level. The
negative effect is the result of a greater?mostly voluntary?turnover of unionized
native employees in firms with a larger share of migrants, but it is not caused by native
employees leaving unions or firms? reduced hiring of native union members.