Dual Topological Character of Chalcogenides: Theory for Bi2Te3
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A topological insulator is realized via band inversions driven by the spin-orbit interaction. In the case of Z(2) topological phases, the number of band inversions is odd and time-reversal invariance is a further unalterable ingredient. For topological crystalline insulators, the number of band inversions may be even but mirror symmetry is required. Here, we prove that the chalcogenide Bi2Te3 is a dual topological insulator: it is simultaneously in a Z(2) topological phase with Z(2) invariants (nu(0); nu(1)nu(2)nu(3)) = (1; 0 0 0) and in a topological crystalline phase with mirror Chern number -1. In our theoretical investigation we show in addition that the Z(2) phase can be broken by magnetism while keeping the topological crystalline phase. As a consequence, the Dirac state at the (111) surface is shifted off the time-reversal invariant momentum (Gamma) over bar; being protected by mirror symmetry, there is no band gap opening. Our observations provide theoretical groundwork for opening the research on magnetic control of topological phases in quantum devices.