Nicole Cusimano, Félix del Teso, Luca Gerardo-Giorda,
"Numerical approximations for fractional elliptic equations via the method of semigroups"
, in ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis, Vol. 54, Nummer 3, EDP Sciences, Seite(n) 751?774, 5-2020, ISSN: 0764-583X
Numerical approximations for fractional elliptic equations via the method of semigroups
Sprache des Titels:
We provide a novel approach to the numerical solution of the family of nonlocal elliptic equations (??)su = f in ?, subject to some homogeneous boundary conditions B on ??, where s ? (0,1), ? ? ?n is a bounded domain, and (-?)s is the spectral fractional Laplacian associated to B on ??. We use the solution representation (??)?s f together with its singular integral expression given by the method of semigroups. By combining finite element discretizations for the heat semigroup with monotone quadratures for the singular integral we obtain accurate numerical solutions. Roughly speaking, given a datum f in a suitable fractional Sobolev space of order r ? 0 and the discretization parameter h > 0, our numerical scheme converges as O(hr+2s), providing super quadratic convergence rates up to O(h4) for sufficiently regular data, or simply O(h2s) for merely f ? L2 (?). We also extend the proposed framework to the case of nonhomogeneous boundary conditions and support our results with some illustrative numerical tests.
Sprache der Kurzfassung:
ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis