Comparison of Combined Winding Strategies for Radial Nonsalient Bearingless Machines
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This article investigates and compares two popular combined winding configurations for bearingless machines, the multiphase (MP) and dual-purpose no-voltage (DPNV) windings. Each of these winding configurations has the ability to independently create suspension force and drive torque using the same stator coils. The article develops analogous bearingless motor force and torque models, space vector equivalent circuits, and a current regulation architecture for each combined winding approach. A comprehensive comparison is made between the two combined winding topologies by using these analogous models and through an experimental study. It is shown that, from a motor design perspective, these combined winding topologies are equivalent for certain design conditions, but that each winding places very different demands upon the drive power electronics. The article concludes that the optimal choice of winding configuration depends on the machine parameters and the expected loading and drive cycle. When compared in terms of total current stress exerted on the bearingless drive, the MP winding is preferred when over half of the coil current is used to produce torque rather than force. In terms of the drive's volt-ampere rating, the DPNV winding is shown to be advantageous for high operating speeds and low torque values.