Anna-Sophie Reisinger, Matthias Bolz, Clemens A. Strohmaier,
"Vascular Aspects in Glaucoma: From Pathogenesis to Therapeutic Approaches"
, in Maurizio Battino, in International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Vol. 4662, MDPI, Basel, Switzerland, Seite(n) 1-11, 4-2021, ISSN: 1661-6596
Vascular Aspects in Glaucoma: From Pathogenesis to Therapeutic Approaches
Sprache des Titels:
Glaucomatous optic neuropathies have been regarded as diseases caused by high intraocular pressure for a long time, despite the concept of vascular glaucoma dating back to von Graefe in 1854. Since then, a tremendous amount of knowledge about the ocular vasculature has been gained; cohort studies have established new vascular risk factors for glaucoma as well as identifying protective measures acting on blood vessels. The knowledge about the physiology and pathophysiology of the choroidal, retinal, as well as ciliary and episcleral circulation has also advanced. Only recently have novel drugs based on that knowledge been approved for clinical use, with more to follow. This review provides an overview of the current vascular concepts in glaucoma, ranging from novel pathogenesis insights to promising therapeutic approaches, covering the supply of the optic nerve head as well as the aqueous humor production and drainage system.
Keywords: blood flow; glaucoma; intraocular pressure.