Frequency-independent voltage amplitude across a tunnel junction
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Radio-frequency (rf) scanning tunneling microscopy has recently been advanced to methods such as single-atom spin resonance. Such methods benefit from a frequency-independent rf voltage amplitude across the tunnel junction, which is challenging to achieve due to the strong frequency dependence of the rf attenuation in a transmission line. Two calibration methods for the rf amplitude have been reported to date. In this Note, we present an alternative method to achieve a frequency-independent rf voltage amplitude across the tunnel junction and show the results of this calibration. The presented procedure is applicable to devices that can deliver rf voltage to a tunnel junction.
This project received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union?s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (Grant Agreement No. 771193). The authors acknowledge the financial support from the Government of the Province of Upper Austria together with the Johannes Kepler University Linz (LIT Project No. 2016-1-ADV-002).