A Novel Approach for Integrating IEC 61131-3 Engineering and Execution into IEC 61499
Sprache des Titels:
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Automation system engineering becomes more complex, due to the trend towards more flexible, reconfigurable, and modular design approaches, like Industry 4.0. For the modeling and design of the according software, two standards are present: IEC 61131-3 and IEC 61499. In order to satisfy the requirements for modern, large scale, highly-distributed applications while also supporting still existing legacy systems, the demand for a combined development framework arises, where the best of breed tool can be chosen for a given automation task. Considering that, the IEC 61499 model is extended to allow the dual development and execution of IEC 61131-3 programs, and enabling easy and correct interaction between the two paradigms. In order to verify the validity of the chosen approach, an IEC 61499 development tool and a runtime environment is modified to support IEC 61131-3. A sample application is implemented, which comprises a pure IEC 61131-3 part with a 1ms cycle time, a pure IEC 61499 part, and a part with interaction between both subparts, in order to evaluate possible interference between the runtime parts. Experimental results show that no interference is occurring, and the chosen development approach allows the seamless integration of IEC 61131-3 and IEC 61499 in one combined development framework.