Normal mode analysis of spectral density of FMO trimers: Intra- and intermonomer energy transfer
Sprache des Titels:
The intermolecular contribution to the spectral density of the exciton-vibrational coupling of the homotrimeric Fenna-Matthews-Olson (FMO) light-harvesting protein of green sulfur bacteria P. aestuarii is analyzed by combining a normal mode analysis of the protein with the charge density coupling method for the calculation of local transition energies of the pigments. Correlations in site energy fluctuations across the whole FMO trimer are found at low vibrational frequencies. Including, additionally, the high-frequency intrapigment part of the spectral density, extracted from line-narrowing spectra, we study intra- and intermonomer exciton transfer. Whereas the intrapigment part of the spectral density is important for fast intramonomer exciton relaxation, the intermolecular contributions (due to pigment-environment coupling) determine the intermonomer exciton transfer. Neither the variations of the local Huang-Rhys factors nor the correlations in site energy fluctuations have a critical influence on energy transfer. At room temperature, the intermonomer transfer in the FMO protein occurs on a 10 ps time scale, whereas intramonomer exciton equilibration is roughly two orders of magnitude faster. At cryogenic temperatures, intermonomer transfer limits the lifetimes of the lowest exciton band. The lifetimes are found to increase between 20 ps in the center of this band up to 100 ps toward lower energies, which is in very good agreement with the estimates from hole burning data. Interestingly, exciton delocalization in the FMO monomers is found to slow down intermonomer energy transfer, at both physiological and cryogenic temperatures.