Erik Hansen, Julia Schmitt,
"Orchestrating cradle-to-cradle innovation across the value chain Overcoming barriers through innovation communities, collaborationmechanisms, and intermediation"
, in Yale University, in Journal of Industrial Ecololgy, Vol. 25, Nummer 3, Wiley Periodicals LLC, Seite(n) 627-647, 11-2020, ISSN: 1530-9290
Orchestrating cradle-to-cradle innovation across the value chain Overcoming barriers through innovation communities, collaborationmechanisms, and intermediation
Sprache des Titels:
The circular economy (CE) aims at cycling products and materials in closed technical and biological loops. Cradle to cradle (C2C) operationalizes the CE with a product design concept rooted in the circulation of ?healthy? materials because contamination of materials with substances of concern hampers cycling and may pose risks to people in contact with them. Extant research shows that barriers often hinder organizations from successfully pursuing cradle-to-cradle product innovation (CPI). Innovation community
theory helps to explain how to overcome barriers and further the Innovation process by taking a microlevel perspective on intra- and interorganizational collaboration of individual promotors (or champions). We elaborate innovation community theory with a longitudinal embedded case study of a C2C frontrunner company with the goal to get a precise understanding of how promotors collaborate in the CPI process. Our contribution is threefold:We identify eight collaboration mechanisms used
between promotors to sequentially overcome a hub firm?s individual, organizational,value chain, and institutional level barriers to circularity. Second,wedifferentiate these mechanisms according to their cooperative and coordinative facets and put emphasis on the coordinative functions of those mechanisms linked to the C2C standard. Third, we highlight the importance of promotors at the linking level who facilitate the CPI process as intermediaries.