Distributed implementation of Grafcets through IEC 61499
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2020 25th IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation (ETFA)
A Grafcet is a standardized model for describing the behavior of systems which is popular among automation engineers. As the Grafcet standard excludes implementation details, the models are typically translated to automation software. Such software was traditionally programmed in one of the languages specified in IEC 61131-3. Nowadays, automation software is increasingly modelled in IEC 61499 which facilitates designing distributed control systems. In this paper, we define a standardized translation methodology, so that automation engineers can benefit from the advantages of IEC 61499 while continuing to use Grafcet. We discuss the differences between Grafcet and IEC 61499. We translated a Grafcet model into an IEC 61499 application to illustrate the process and derive guidelines for application designers. For the core concepts of Grafcet, we present the corresponding structure in IEC 61499.