Let Me Finish before I Take Over: Towards Attention Aware Device Integration in Highly Automated Vehicles
Sprache des Titels:
AutomotiveUI '18 Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications
A major promise of automated vehicles is to render it possible for drivers to engage in nondriving related tasks, a setting where the execution pattern will switch from concurrent to sequential multitasking. To allow drivers to safely and efficiently switch between multiple activities (including vehicle control in case of Take-Over situations), we postulate that future vehicles should incorporate capabilities of attentive user interfaces, that precisely plan the timing of interruptions based on driver availability. We propose an attention aware system that issues Take-Over Requests (1) at emerging task boundaries and (2) directly on consumer devices such as smartphones or tablets. Results of a driving simulator study (N=18), where we evaluated objective, physiological, and subjective measurements, confirm our assumption: attention aware Take-Over Requests have the potential to reduce stress, increase Take-Over performance, and can further raise user acceptance/trust. Consequently, we emphasize to implement attentive user interfaces in future vehicles.