Visual Acuity Change Over 24 Months and Its Association With Foveal Phenotype and Genotype in Individuals With Stargardt Disease
Sprache des Titels:
Limited data from prospective studies are available to understand the natural history of ABCA4-related Stargardt disease (STGD1). Such data are important for determining appropriate outcome measures for future STGD1 trials.
Design, Setting, and Participants:
This multicenter prospective cohort study included 259 participants (489 study eyes) with molecularly confirmed STGD1 who were 6 years or older. The participants were enrolled at 9 centers in the United States and Europe and were followed up every 6 months for 2 years.
Baseline BCVA and presence and type of foveal lesion (determined via fundus autofluorescence images) and genotype (classified into 4 groups based on the number and pathogenicity of ABCA4 mutations).
Main Outcomes and Measures:
Rate of BCVA change per year.
The mean (SD) age was 33 (15) years. Of 259 the participants, 141 (54%) were female, and 222 (85%) were white. The overall rate of BCVA loss was 0.55 (95% CI, 0.20-0.90) letters per year during the 2 years. Eyes with baseline BCVA worse than 20/200 showed an improvement of 0.65 (95% CI, 0.1-1.2) letters per year. At baseline, the mean BCVA for eyes without foveal lesion was 20/32, and their BCVA change rate over time was 0.1 (95% CI, -1.2 to 1.35) letters per year (P?=?.89). Eyes with a foveal lesion but having BCVA of 20/70 or better at baseline lost BCVA at a rate of 3 (95% CI, 1.5-4.4) letters per year (P?<?.001). Genotype was neither associated with baseline BCVA nor with the rate of BCVA change during the follow-up.
Conclusions and Relevance:
A clinically small BCVA loss was observed during 2 years, and the change rate varied depending on baseline BCVA. Eyes without lesion in the fovea had better BCVA at baseline and showed minimal change of BCVA throughout 2 years.