Alwin Zulehner, Robert Wille,
"Advanced Simulation of Quantum Computations"
, in IEEE Transactions on Computer Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems (TCAD), 2018, ISSN: 0278-0070
Advanced Simulation of Quantum Computations
Sprache des Titels:
Quantum computation is a promising emerging
technology which, compared to conventional computation, allows
for substantial speed-ups e.g. for integer factorization or database
search. However, since physical realizations of quantum computers
are in their infancy, a significant amount of research in this
domain still relies on simulations of quantum computations on
conventional machines. This causes a significant complexity which
current state-of-the-art simulators try to tackle with a rather
straight forward array-based representation and by applying
massive hardware power. There also exist solutions based on decision
diagrams (i.e. graph-based approaches) that try to tackle the
exponential complexity by exploiting redundancies in quantum
states and operations. However, these existing approaches do not
fully exploit redundancies that are actually present.
In this work, we revisit the basics of quantum computation,
investigate how corresponding quantum states and quantum
operations can be represented even more compactly, and, eventually,
simulated in a more efficient fashion. This leads to
a new graph-based simulation approach which outperforms
state-of-the-art simulators (array-based as well as graph-based).
Experimental evaluations show that the proposed solution is
capable of simulating quantum computations for more qubits
than before, and in significantly less run-time (several magnitudes
faster compared to previously proposed simulators). An
implementation of the proposed simulator is publicly available
online at http://www.jku.at/iic/eda/quantum_simulation.
Sprache der Kurzfassung:
IEEE Transactions on Computer Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems (TCAD)