Ultrafast Light Switching of Ferromagnetism in EuSe
Sprache des Titels:
We demonstrate that light resonant with the band gap forces the antiferromagnetic semiconductor EuSe to enter ferromagnetic alignment in the picosecond timescale. A photon generates an electron-hole pair, whose electron forms a supergiant spin polaron of magnetic moment of nearly 6000 Bohr magnetons. By increasing the light intensity, the whole of the illuminated region can be fully magnetized. The key to the novel large photoinduced magnetization mechanism is the huge enhancement of the magnetic susceptibility when both antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic interactions are present in the material and are of nearly equal magnitude, as is the case in EuSe.