Spin-Forbidden Excitation: A New Approach for Triggering Photopharmacological Processes with Low-Intensity NIR Light
Sprache des Titels:
Exposure to low-intensity radiation in the near infrared spectral region matching the optically transparent ?phototherapeutic window? of biological tissues can be applied to directly populate spin-restricted excited states of light-responsive compounds. This unprecedented approach is introduced here as a new strategy to overcome some of the major unresolved problems in the fields of photopharmacology and molecular photomedicine, where practical applications in living cells and organisms are still limited by undesired side reactions and insufficient light penetration. Water-soluble and biocompatible metal complexes with a significant degree of spin-orbit coupling were identified as target candidates for testing our new hypothesis. As a first example, a dark stable manganese carbonyl complex acting as a visible-light triggered CO releasing molecule (Photo-CORM) is shown to be photoactivated by NIR-radiation, although apparently no absorption bands are detectable in this low-energy region. This remarkable effect is ascribed to a strongly restricted, but obviously not completely forbidden direct optical population of the lowest triplet excited state manifold from the singlet ground state.