"?All Men [of Color] are Rapists? or the Grammar of Violence: Stereotypes, Rape Myths and Doing Gender and Race"
, in Frank Jacob, in Global Humanities. Studies in Histories, Cultures, and Societies, Vol. 04, Neofelis, 9-2016, ISBN: 978-3-95808-113-0
?All Men [of Color] are Rapists? or the Grammar of Violence: Stereotypes, Rape Myths and Doing Gender and Race
Sprache des Titels:
Within the first weeks of the year 2016, a few hundred women reported sexual assault, muggings and thefts by large groups of men occurring on New Year?s Eve 2015 particularly in Cologne, Germany, as well as in Hamburg and Stuttgart. In reports of eyewitnesses and the police the men were described as ?Arabic? or ?North African-looking?. The subsequent broad public discussions about migrants and refugees in Germany made stereotypes of ?the Arab? and ?the North African man? - mainly in correlation with alleged images of women - ubiquitous. Journalist Margarete Stokowski therefore created the term Postcolognialism to describe the sexist and especially racist debates following the assaults (Stokowski 2016).
This paper analyzes the discourse about sexualized violence as well as processes of victimization and perpetration that produce notions of femininity and masculinity but also of race. Referring to Sharon Marcus, sexual assault and especially rape will be regarded from a poststructuralist position as a script and linguistic fact, featuring narrative structures and a grammar of violence, which both are examined in regard to the production of sociocultural realities and the construction of gendered and racialized images and stereotypes (Marcus 1992). This script of sexual assault in general and rape in particular not only creates and reproduces a rape culture but - and this becomes clear by parsing the debates after NYE 2015 in Cologne - simultaneously establishes and manifests stereotypical images of ?the others? as well as a hierarchical, dichotomous and stereotyped understanding of gender and race.
Sprache der Kurzfassung:
Global Humanities. Studies in Histories, Cultures, and Societies
Anzahl der Seiten:
Aufsatz / Paper in sonstiger referierter Fachzeitschrift