Multi-camera object tracking using surprisal observations in visual sensor networks
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In this work, we propose a multi-camera object tracking method with surprisal observations based on the cubature information filter in visual sensor networks. In multi-camera object tracking approaches, multiple cameras observe an object and exchange the object?s local information with each other to compute the global state of the object. The information exchange among the cameras suffers from certain bandwidth and energy constraints. Thus, allowing only a desired number of cameras with the most informative observations to participate in the information exchange is an efficient way to meet the stringent requirements of bandwidth and energy. In this paper, the concept of surprisal is used to calculate the amount of information associated with the observations of each camera. Furthermore, a surprisal selection mechanism is proposed to facilitate the cameras to take independent decision on whether their observations are informative or not. If the observations are informative, the cameras calculate the local information vector and matrix based on the cubature information filter and transmit them to the fusion center. These cameras are called as surprisal cameras. The fusion center computes the global state of the object by fusing the local information from the surprisal cameras. Moreover, the proposed scheme also ensures that on average, only a desired number of cameras participate in the information exchange. The proposed method shows a significant improvement in tracking accuracy over the multi-camera object tracking with randomly selected or fixed cameras for the same number of average transmissions to the fusion center.