Nanostructured eutectic NiAl?W, fabricated using a Bridgman-type directional solidification facility, combines the advantages of single individual nanowires with the benefit of a conductivemacroscopic matrix. Through an electrochemical dissolution step, using conditions derived from the combined Pourbaix diagrams of all three elements involved, the
NiAl matrix is selectively dissolved allowing the release of embedded W nanowires. An application of micro-scale electrochemical techniques, such as scanning droplet cell microscopy,facilitates not only selective but moreover local matrix dissolution. Such a local dissolution leads to the formation of cavities on the micro-scale containing arrays of single crystallineWnanowires. In this connection, the depth and volume of
fabricated microvials can directly be determined from the charge consumed during potentiostatic dissolution. A subsequent surface functionalisation enhances the hydrophobic behaviour,which is already observed for non-functionalised nanowire arrays, resulting in measured contact angles close to the border to superhydrophobicity.