FMCW MIMO Radar System for Frequency-Division Multiple TX-Beamforming
Sprache des Titels:
In this paper, a prototype automotive radar sensor is presented that is capable of generating simultaneously multiple transmit (TX) beams. The system is based on a four-channel 77-GHz frequency-modulated continuous-wave (FMCW) radar system. The number of beams, their radiated power, steering angle, and beam pattern can be changed adaptively. This is achieved by the utilization of orthogonal waveforms applied to different beams in combination with digital beamforming on the receive side. Key components are vector modulators in the TX path controlled by digital-to-analog converters. The performance of the system is shown in measurements focused on beam pattern, signal-to-noise ratio, and susceptibility in case of interfering targets at cross-range. Measurement results are discussed and compared to theory and simulations. Furthermore, crest factor minimization of the vector modulator's control signals is introduced and used to increase the achievable TX power, which will be also shown in measurements.
Sprache der Kurzfassung:
Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on