Markus Humer, Romain Guider, Florian Hackl, Thomas Fromherz,
"Polymer-embedded colloidal lead sulphide nanocrystals integrated to vertically slotted silicon-based ring-resonators for telecom applications"
, in J. Nanophoton., Vol. 7, Nummer 1, Seite(n) 073076, 11-2013
Polymer-embedded colloidal lead sulphide nanocrystals integrated to vertically slotted silicon-based ring-resonators for telecom applications
Sprache des Titels:
The main drawback of the rapidly evolving field of silicon photonics lies in the absence of efficient monolithically integrated radiation sources as a consequence of the indirect bandgap of Si and Ge. Relevant alternatives based on the hybrid combination of Si with optically
active materials have to be technologically simple, temporally stable, and provide efficient coupling to the Si waveguides. Lead-sulfide nanocrystals (NCs) were blended into a polymer resist suitable for deep-UV- and electron-beam lithography and integrated into Si-based vertically slotted waveguides and ring resonators. The polymer both stabilizes the NC?s photoluminescence emission against degradation under ambient conditions and allows lithographic patterning of this compound material. After integration into the optoelectronic structures and upon optical pumping, intense photoluminescence emission from ring resonators was recorded at the output of bus-waveguides. The resonator quality factors were investigated for polymer-NC compounds with NC concentrations in the range between 0.1 and 8 vol%. The spontaneous emission rate enhancement for vertically slotted resonators was estimated to be a factor of two higher as compared to unslotted ones. The stable integration of colloidal NCs as well as the improved light coupling to silicon circuits is an important step in the development of silicon-based hybrid photonics.