The Causal Effect of Education on Health: What is the Role of Health Behaviors?
Sprache des Titels:
We investigate the causal effect of education on health and the part of it that is attributable to health behaviors by distinguishing
between short-run and long-run mediating effects: whereas, in the former, only behaviors in the immediate past
are taken into account, in the latter, we consider the entire history of behaviors. We use two identification strategies: instrumental
variables based on compulsory schooling reforms and a combined aggregation, differencing, and selection on an
observables technique to address the endogeneity of both education and behaviors in the health production function. Using
panel data for European countries, we find that education has a protective effect for European men and women aged 50+.
We find that the mediating effects of health behaviors?measured by smoking, drinking, exercising, and the body mass
index?account in the short run for around a quarter and in the long run for around a third of the entire effect of education
Sprache der Kurzfassung:
The Causal Effect of Education on Health: What is the Role of Health Behaviours?