The role of chromate in filiform corrosion inhibition
Sprache des Titels:
This paper is part of a study on filiform corrosion (FFC) on aluminum alloy 2024-T3 and focuses on the surface characterization of corroded samples. Untreated samples were used as well as samples which had undergone pretreatments including polishing, surface etching and chromated conversion coatings (CCC). These samples were coated with both pigmented and non-pigmented epoxy-based coatings. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy (TOF-SIMS) analysis was used to investigate the nature of the surface as well as optical images to gauge the rate of FFC advancement. FFC corrosion rates decreased on samples which had received a surface etching pretreatment and a chromate conversion coating. Pigmented coatings reduced the rate of FFC further and led to two different types of corrosion surface morphology. On pretreated samples, the corrosion appeared deeper and pit-like, possibly due to an enhanced polymer-substrate bond. On untreated samples, widespread FFC developed. SEM and EDX analysis of various intermetallic particles (IMPs) on all samples, inside and outside of corroded regions, revealed that Cr from pigments was found deposited on Cu-containing intermetallics in corroded areas while Fe/Mn-containing particles were free from all pigment traces. These results suggest that the Cr deposition on Cu particles hinders the cathodic reduction of oxygen necessary for FFC advancement. For this reason, the coating pigments proved, under FFC conditions, to be a more effective inhibitor than the Cr originating from a chromate conversion coating.