Reactivity imaging of a passive ferritic FeAlCr steel
Sprache des Titels:
A technique named reactivity imaging is introduced. It combines optical imaging of a polycrystalline material with orientation imaging by electron back scattering diffraction (EBSD) for a determination of the crystallographic orientation map and scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) for a visualization of the local reactivity. Dissolving metal ions from the substrate are directly detected by the scanning Pt tip of the SECM to measure the amount of locally dissolving material. A ferritic light weight steel (alloy Fe7.5A17Cr) with a strong anisotropic dissolution behaviour was investigated as an example. This steel shows good passivation behaviour both, in air and through anodisation. In the passive state investigated here, the difference in dissolution rate between various crystallographic orientations is only marginal. Grain boundaries on the other hand showed a higher activity as compared to the grains themselves, which is attributed to the electronic tunnelling in the grain boundaries. The results demonstrate that the rate determining step responsible for the anisotropic dissolution does not result from a deficiency in passivation but from the active dissolution kinetics.