Timo Gnambs, Bernad Batinic,
"Convergent and discriminant validity of opinion leadership: Multitrait-multimethod analysis across measurement occasion and informant type"
, in --, in Journal of Individual Differences, Vol. 32, Nummer 2, Seite(n) 94-102, 2011
Convergent and discriminant validity of opinion leadership: Multitrait-multimethod analysis across measurement occasion and informant type
Sprache des Titels:
Influential individuals who shape the attitudes and behaviors of their peers are termed opinion leaders. The interpretability of research on opinion leadership, however, has frequently been hampered by the use of divergent instruments that follow either a domain-specific view of opinion leadership or a more domain-independent trait conceptualization. In two studies, multitrait-multimethod matrices are analyzed regarding the convergent and discriminant validity of both approaches. Study I ( N = 407) demonstrates the stability of the opinion leadership scales over time and their discriminant validity to established measures in personality (e.g., extraversion) and attitudinal research (e.g., involvement). Study II ( N = 185) replicates these results in the form of a multitrait-multiinformant design, demonstrating high convergence of self- and peer-assessments. However, different operationalizations of domain-independent opinion leadership displayed limited convergent validity, indicating that they capture different, albeit related, traits.