Jürgen Schöftner, Hans Irschik,
"Passive damping and exact annihilation of vibrations of beams using shaped piezoelectric layers and tuned inductive networks"
, in Smart Materials und Structures, Seite(n) 125008-1 -125008-9, 9-2009
Passive damping and exact annihilation of vibrations of beams using shaped piezoelectric layers and tuned inductive networks
Sprache des Titels:
The present paper is devoted to the development of an extended Bernoulli?Euler beam theory
for passive piezoelectric composite structures which takes into account the presence of electric
networks. The theory considers electromechanical coupling between the beam deformation and
the electric circuit due to the piezoelectric effect that relates mechanical properties like
displacement, strain and stress to electrical properties like electric field, voltage and current.
Thereby, kinematic relations within the Bernoulli?Euler theory, a one-dimensional form of the
constitutive relations for piezoelastic structures and a linear electric network, are presumed.
Eventually, an adjusted one-dimensional formulation of a beam theory is obtained. It is shown
that this formulation can be used for both power harvesting and passive shunt damping
applications. Within the presented theory it is possible to analyse the influence of geometrical
dimensions, piezoelectric constants and impedances of electric networks on the displacement
field and on the energy flow between the mechanical and electrical parts. The second part of the
paper is devoted to the concept of shape control and its application to passive damping and
exact annihilation of vibrations of beams using shaped piezoelectric layers and tuned inductive
networks. As a main result of the present paper, it is shown that, under certain conditions,
concerning the shape of the piezoelastic material and the impedances of the electric circuits,
exact annihilation of vibrations for a cantilever beam is possible.