A 77-GHz FMCW Radar Transceiver sourced through a 19-GHz SiGe Colpitts Oscillator
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Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference 2009
An integrated 19-GHz Colpitts oscillator for a 77-GHz FMCW automotive radar frontend application is presented.
The Colpitts oscillator has been realized in a fully differential circuit architecture. The VCO’s 19GHz output signal is buffered with an emitter follower stage and used as a LO signal source for a 77-GHz radar transceiver architecture. The LO frequency is quadrupled and amplified to drive the switching quad of a Gilbert-type mixer. As the quadrupler-mixer chip is required to describe the radar-sensor it is introduced, but the main focus of this paper aims the design of the sensor’s LO source. In addition, the VCO-chip provides a divide-by-8 stage. The divider is either used for on-wafer measurements or later on in a PLL application.