Nowadays data-driven models become more and more an essential part in industrial systems for application tasks such as system identification and analysis, prediction, control of fault detection. Data driven models are mathematical models which are completely identified from data, which can be available in form of off-line data sets, or in form of on-line measurements. Data-driven models possess the nice property that they can be built up generically in the sense that no underlying physical, chemical etc. laws about the system variables have to be known. Whenever measurements are recorded on-line with a certain frequency, usually the models should be kept up-to-date, especially when new system states occur during online production processes. This requires an adaptation of model parameters and an evolution of model structures with incremental learning steps, as a complete rebuilding from time to time with all recorded measurements would not terminate in real-time. The book addresses the on-line evolution of fuzzy models and underlines their necessity by concrete application examples from on-line quality control systems.