E. Stamatatos, Gerhard Widmer,
"Automatic Identification of Music Performers with Learning Ensembles"
, in Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 165, Nummer 1, Seite(n) 37-56, 2005
Automatic Identification of Music Performers with Learning Ensembles
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This article addresses the problem of identifying the most likely music performer, given a set of performances of the same piece by a number of skilled candidate pianists. We propose a set of very simple features for representing stylistic characteristics of a music performer, introducing ‘norm-based’ features that relate to a kind of ‘average’ performance. A database of piano performances of 22 pianists playing two pieces by Frédéric Chopin is used in the presented experiments. Due to the limitations of the training set size and the characteristics of the input features we propose an ensemble of simple classifiers derived by both subsampling the training set and subsampling the input features. Experiments show that the proposed features are able to quantify the differences between music performers. The proposed ensemble can efficiently cope with multi-class music performer recognition under inter-piece conditions, a difficult musical task, displaying a level of accuracy unlikely to be matched by human listeners (under similar conditions).